Reprinted from “The Osage Timeline” with permission

©2007-2013 Osage Tribal Museum


© 2007-2013 - The Osage Timeline
Osage Tribal Museum 


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·     Per the Arkansas City Traveler, on July 11, 1877, history records show the Osages reside on the Grand Osage village on the Sac River, at the head of Osage River, in Missouri, in Big Bend, on east side, with a population of 1,695; Principal Chief, Cahagatonga, White Hair; Second Chief, Wat-cha-wa-ka.  The Little Osage tribe was situated lower down on the west of the Sac River, numbering 824; Principal Chief, Sut-ta-suggy (The Wind); Second Chief, Watch-kes-inger (Soldier Dog).  Arkansas Osage village in forks of Vermillion (Verdigris) with a population of 1,500.


·     July 15U. S. Congressman Sidney Clarke, from Kansas, offers an Indian appropriation bill, asking that the Osage Diminished Reserve be open to settlement at $1.25 per acre.  Congress quickly ratified Clarke’s Indian appropriation bill and settlement immediately sprang up while the railroad continued its southward progression.  In the agreement, agency buildings, a warehouse, a dwelling and shop for a blacksmith, a saw and grist mill a schoolhouse and church were to be erected at their new home.   President Ulysses S. Grant, upon signing the bill, authorized the removal of the Osages to that location.  Clarke’s bill was the predecessor to the Drum Creek Treaty of 1870.

·     July 19In a report from the Office of Indian Affairs, it was requested that the Secretary of Interior Jacob Dolson Cox give consideration of the request of “Governor Joe’s” May 20th letter, that commissioners be appointed and sent to the Osages around August 20th to make an agreement with them, apparently in relation to their removal.  Commissioner Parker recommends that steps be taken as soon as practicable to carry into effect the provisions of Sections 12 and 13 of the Indian Appropriations Act of July 15.  This act provided that whenever the Osages should agree thereto, in such manner as the President should prescribe, it should be his duty to remove them from Kansas to lands provided or to be provided for them for a permanent home in the Indian Territory, to consist of a tract of land in compact form equal in quantity to 160 acres for each member of the tribe, or such part thereof as said Indians might desire, to be paid for out of the proceeds of the sales of their lands in Kansas, the price per acre for such lands to be procured in the Indian Territory not to exceed the price paid or to be paid by the United States for the same.  And to defray the expenses of said removal, and to aid in the sustenance of the Osages during the first year, the sum named by Commissioner Parker in his letter of March 3 was appropriated, to be reimbursed to the United States from the proceeds of the sale of the lands of the Osages in Kansas.  These lands, including the trust lands north of the diminished reservation, excepting sixteen and thirty-six sections, which should be reserved to Kansas for school purposes, should be sold to actual settlers at the price of $1.25 per acre; payment to be made in cash within one year from the date of settlement or of the passage of this act.

·     July 22A copy of the report was transmitted by Secretary Cox to Vincent Colyer, secretary of the Board of Indian Commissioners, with the request that the board inform the Office of Indian Affairs at what time it would be practical for them to visit the Osages

·     July 28The subject was brought before the board at its special meeting in New York.  John V. Farwell, John D. Lang and Colyer were appointed a commission to visit the Osages.


·     July 1Captain C. A. Dempsey appointed United States Indian Agent through the end of the year


·     JulyPost office at Land established (through March, 1895); adjoining Ponca City in western Osage County; named for James T. Land, first postmaster.



·    July 4 First passenger train comes through Hominy



·    July 21Pawhuska officially declared a city by Territorial Governor Frank Frantz.



·    July 1William M. Peterson appointed United States Indian Agent through July 17; James A. Carroll continued in this capacity until 1915



·    July 6 Petition signed by full-bloods and restricted members, protest against mixed breeds holding office or voting in tribal affairs is presented to Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Charles Burke.  The Osage Agency Superintendent in response to the protest writes the Commission as follows:  “Several years ago upon the request of the full-bloods the Department through your office recommended an amendment to the Indian Appropriations Bill providing that in the election of Osage tribal officers, the Chief, Assistant Chief and four of the eight members of the council should be full-bloods.  Such amendment, however, was not adopted.  Should the majority of the adult full-bloods so desire and present a petition to the principal chief for consideration of the council asking that the law be changed to provide that the chief and assistant chief together with at least four members be full-bloods, which would give the full-bloods a majority by the chief voting in case of a tie, that such request with recommendations of the council would be submitted to the Chairman of the House and Senate Committees on Indian Affairs for consideration of Congress.”


·    July 31 – August 6Raymond W. Red Corn, Jr. and five other Indian boy scouts attend the World Jamboree in England; Raymond dances as a Fancy Dancer instead of traditional Osage Straight Dance and wins championship contests.  While camped at the Jamboree in teepees, Lord Baden Powell comes by with Prince George (later known as King George VI) and the Prince of Wales.  As Raymond makes fry bread, they eat with the group and Raymond dances for them.  Later, the Royal Car is sent to bring them to dine with the Royal Family at Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle.



·    September 15 Post office at Arondale established (through July 1935); named for Aaron Steele, oil field superintendent; oil field boom town, no longer in existence.


·    The “Act of July 25, 1947” (61 Stat. 459) vests in the Osage Tribal Council authority to determine the bonus value of lands offered for lease for oil, gas and other mineral purposes.


·    July 25 - David L. Baldwin appointed BIA Superintendent through 1981; first Osage to hold post at the Osage Agency.


·    July 17 - Referendum conducted by Osage Commission with the majority of Osages voting to form a constitutional form of government, but to leave the Minerals Council (Section 9) in place.


·    July 22The Osage tribe’s new casino opens in Sand Springs.  The new 25,000 square foot casino sits atop of a beautiful wooded ridge just 1.5 miles north of Highways 51/64 on the new Highway 97T, west of Sand Springs at 129th St. West.



·   July 1Section 9 Osage Tribal Council ends; both 1st Osage Congress and 1st Mineral Council Representatives sworn in



·    July 2 - Osage Nation Child Support Services (ONCSS) becomes full comprehensive program now with the Osage Nation.



·    July 11 – U.S. NYMEX oil peaks at $147.35 a barrel.



·   July 21 – Owasso (Okla.) High School graduate Austin Kirk, descendant of Osage Original Allottee Wilson Kirk, signs professional baseball contract with the Chicago Cubs.

·        July 31 – Osage Nation reclaims Sugarloaf Mound located near St. Louis, MO.  Sugarloaf Mound, after existing under constant threat of destruction by urban development for the last 150 years, is spared the final insult of desecration, when the Osage Nation closes on a real estate deal to purchase the property upon which the summit of the Mound is located.  The city of St. Louis once possessed more than 40 mounds and was referred to as Mound City. It appears that all of these prehistoric mounds, except Sugarloaf Mound, were destroyed by urban development by 1904.  Due to its cultural significance, Sugarloaf Mound is officially recognized by the National Register of Historic Places.



·    July 20 – The United States Supreme Court extends the deadline from August to October for the Osage Nation to file an appeal in the reservation status case.



·    July 4 – Osage baseball pitcher Austin Kirk throws a no-hitter for Minor League Baseball team Peoria Chiefs, an affiliate for the Chicago Cubs.  It is the eighth no-hitter in franchise history and the first solo no-hitter since 1988.

·    July 8 – The Assistant Secretary–Indian Affairs makes final agency determination to acquire land be put in trust where the Million Dollar Elm casinos are located in Skiatook, Ponca City and Tulsa, and is approved.  Osage Nation government officials sign applications on August 23.



·       June 4 – Osage Nation Congressional incumbents Archie Mason and Shannon Edwards retain their seats on Congress as new members John Jech, John F. Maker, RJ Walker and Maria Whitehorn are elected and sworn in on July 4.

·         July 2 – Judge Marvin Stepson administers Oath of Office to Meredith D. Drent as new Chief Justice of the Osage Nation Supreme Court.


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75 Years Ago (1938)

·    A group of women submitted a petition to the council requesting the right to vote.  The Osage Council was against giving women the right to vote.


50 Years Ago (1963)

·     Howard F. Johnson appointed United States Indian Agent through 1968.


100 Years Ago (1913)

·     Fred Lookout elected 1st term as Principal Chief; Edgar McCarthy elected Assistant Principal Chief.

·     St. John's Indian School (Hominy School) closes.


125 Years Ago (1888)

·     St. John’s School (Catholic) for Osage boys established; location 10 mi. NW of Hominy and 4 miles NE of Gray Horse in SW1/4, Sec. 34, T-25-N, R-7-E

·     Robert Rennick “Bob” Dalton becomes chief of Osage Indian police; later would become the leader of the infamous Dalton gang.

·     Thomas P. Smith appointed United States Indian Agent through 1889.


175 Years Ago (1838)

  • The Osage War in southwestern Missouri occurs when the last remaining Osage Indians refuses to move west this year.  Militia units drive hunting parties of the Osage, Shawnee, and Delaware into Kansas and Arkansas, ending the tribes' hunting expeditions into Missouri.

200 Years Ago (1813)

·     Osage Agent, George C. Sibley (at Ft. Osage, MO) and fifteen Osages (including Osage tribal member Sans Orielle) explore Arkansas River, Salt Fork River, Cimarron River and Chikaskia River.


250 Years Ago (1763)

·     White Hair (Pawhuska) of Osage Tribe is born.

·     Treaty of Paris gives land west of the Mississippi River (including the Osage villages) to Spain.  Spain calls the new territory Louisiana.


300 Years Ago (1713)

·     Osage warriors help save Fort Detroit from hostile tribes; afterward, the commandant, Etienne Veniard, Sieur de Bourgmont, lived with the Osage and Missouria tribes for three years, and returned to France to receive a royal decoration for his service in the frontier.