June 25, 2012
Protecting yourself during summer heat!!
- Dress right. Wear loose fitting lightweight, light colored clothing to reflect heat & sunlight, preferably natural fibers like cotton. Many man-made fibers don’t work as well. Protect your face & head with a wide-brimmed hat.
- Keep heat outside & cool air inside. Put up temporary reflectors, like cardboard covered with aluminum foil.
- Keep curtains drawn or hand shades or sheets on windows that get sun.
- Drink 2-4 glasses of cool water every hour, even if you are not thirsty. Your body needs water to keep cool. Don’t drink alcohol, caffeine or sugary drinks. They make the heat’s effects worse.
- Don’t use salt tablets unless a doctor tell you to. Salt causes the body to hold fluid, resulting in swelling.
- Running ice-cold water over your wrists for a few minutes can cool your body quickly.
- Eat small meals & eat more often. Large heavy meals cause your body to increase body heat to digest food.
- If your home doesn’t have air conditioning, pick other places you can go during the hottest part of the day. Schools, libraries. , malls, park & recreation centers and other public buildings may offer air conditioned spaces on the hottest days. Your community may have additional cooling stations available during major heat alerts. Call 2-1-1 for more information.
- Don’t forget your pets. Give them cool water and a shady place to rest.
- Be a good neighbor, check on the elderly.
HEAT DANGER SIGNALS
HEAT STROKE DANGER SIGNS…
- Hot, red, dry skin Rapid weak Pulse
- Rapid shallow breathing Elevated body temperature
- Headache, dizziness, nausea confusion
WHAT TO DO…
- Call 9-1-1. Heat stroke can kill! Move victim to a cooler place
- Quickly cool victim. Put in a cool bath or wrap in cool wet sheet or towels. Keep victim lying down.
- Give small amounts of water if victim is fully awake & not vomiting.
HEAT EXHAUSTION DANGER SIGNS…
· Cool, moist or pale skin Heavy sweating Headache
· Nausea or vomiting Dizziness Exhaustion
· Body temperature rising.
WHAT TO DO…
- Move victim to a cooler place Remove or loosen tight clothing
- Apply cool wet clothes. Avoid alcohol and caffeine
- If conscious give small amounts of cool water every fifteen minutes.
HEAT CRAMP DANGER SIGNALS…
Tightening of the muscles in the legs or other parts of the body.
WHAT TO DO…
- Move victim to a cooler place. Lightly stretch the affected area. Give a half glass of cool water every fifteen minutes.
Information about extreme heat or weather safety call:
· Osage Nation Injury Prevention, 918-287-5374
· Osage Nation Emergency Management, 918-440-0190
· Osage County Health Department, 918-287-3740
· National Weather Service: www.srh.noaa.gov/Tulsa